TRUE ALIGN Technique & Concept

FAQs for Joint Knee Replacement

If you're having trouble getting up to answer the phone or walk to your car or your Knee Pain is affecting your day to day life style, it could be the right time to plan for a TKR. A thorough examination by a Joint Replacement expert should confirm if the time for TKR has arrived. If you are dependent on Pain Killers / NSAIDs on regular basis to keep yourself going, you should immediately consult the Joint Replacement expert.

In few cases, lifestyle modifications, physiotherapy and expert supervised medication, or phototherapy (which involves injecting a specific fluid to strengthen connective tissue) can help manage some knee problems. However, prolonged delay or declining a necessary knee replacement could result in a less favourable outcome. If you have tried medication, physiotherapy, kitchen remedies and suggestions from friends / neighbours and the knee pain is still holding you back from doing the things - it is time to plan a Knee Replacement Surgery

Of course it does, with True Align Technique we ensure to mimic and bring back the natural alignment of the Knee Joint, a perfect aligned knee with well balanced load sharing on both the compartments of the knee.

Surgery performed with True Align Technique will lead to a better aligned & more balanced Knee Joint. Your new knee will give you a better range of motion.

Surgery performed with True Align Technique will considerably reduce the dependency of walking aid during post-operative recovery. With a well aligned knee patients will be able to stand upright and walk normally with minimal walking aid with in 2 - 3 days of surgery.

True Align Technique ensures minimal & pain less physiotherapy while at hospital, post discharge patients do not need any further physiotherapy sessions. We provide them with a detailed exercise chart with the core objective of muscle strengthening.

Surgery performed with TRUE ALIGN TECHNIQUE means better aligned & well balanced knee, this ensures equal weight distribution on implanted components and the underlying bone. Which surely increases life of the implant.

Total Knee Replacement (TKR) surgery aims to remove the worn out cartilage and fixes the artificial knee consisting of a femoral part, a tibial part and a patellar part. The femoral part replaces the lower end of thigh bone, 'femur'. The tibial component replaces upper end of the leg bone tibia'. The knee cap or patella is also replaced with a prosthesis or artificial knee cap.

Total Knee Replacement Surgery / Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKR)

If your knee is severely damaged by arthritis or injury, it may be difficult for you to perform simple activities such as walking, standing for long durations or climbing stairs. You may even begin to feel the pain while you're sitting or lying down.

If medications, changing your activity level, and using walking supports are no longer helpful, you may want to consider knee joint replacement as an alternative option. By resurfacing your knee's damaged and worn surfaces, TKR (total knee replacement) can relieve your pain, correct your leg deformity, and help you resume relatively normal activities.

Overall - Improving your quality of life and once again getting you back on your feet.

Total knee Replacement Surgery in Gujarat Zydus Hospital

The knee is the largest joint in the body. Nearly normal knee function is needed to perform routine everyday activities. The knee is made up of the lower end of the thighbone (femur), which rotates on the upper end of the shinbone (tibia), and the kneecap (patella), which slides in a groove on the end of the femur. Large ligaments attach to the femur and tibia to provide stability. The long thigh muscles give the knee strength.

Normally, the joint surfaces where these three bones touch are covered with articular cartilage, a smooth substance that cushions the bones and enables them to move easily.

All remaining surfaces of the knee are covered by a thin, smooth tissue liner called the synovial membrane. This membrane releases a special fluid that lubricates the knee which reduces friction to near zero in a healthy knee.

Normally, all of these components work in perfect harmony. But disease or injury can disrupt this harmony, resulting in pain, muscle weakness, and less function - sometimes even injury.

Total knee Replacement Surgery in Gujarat Zydus Hospital-1

The most common cause of chronic knee pain and disability is arthritis. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and traumatic arthritis are the most common forms.

Osteoarthritis usually occurs after the age of 50 and often in an individual with a family history of arthritis. The cartilage that cushions the bones of the knee softens and wears away. The bones then rub against one another causing knee pain and stiffness.

Rheumatoid Arthritis is a disease in which the synovial membrane becomes thickened and inflamed, producing too much synovial fluid which over-fills the joint space. This chronic inflammation can damage the cartilage and eventually cause cartilage loss, pain and stiffness.

Osteonecrosis is a disease resulting from the temporary or permanent loss of the blood supply to the bones.

Traumatic Arthritis can follow a serious knee injury. A knee fracture or severe tears of the knee's ligaments may damage the articular cartilage over time, causing knee pain and limiting knee function.

Total knee Replacement Surgery in India Zydus Hospital-2 Best Joint Total knee Hip Replacement Center Surgery in Ahmedabad Gujarat India Zydus Hospital

The diseased cartilage and irritated nerve endings are replaced by highly durable materials, both at the femur and at the tibia. Full, free painless range of motion is usually restored within a few weeks of the surgery.

Artificial Knee Joints (Implants) come in various types, some of the most common types are as follows:
  • All Poly
  • Metal Back
  • Rotating Platform
  • Composite Materials (Cobalt Chromium, Oxinium etc.)

Your doctor is the best judge to decide which implant will suit your lifestyle, there are various factors affecting this – Age, Weight, Physiology, Motion Requirement etc.

1. Pain which may limit regular / basic activities like standing, walking, climbing stairs and getting in and out of bed / chair / car, some patients may experience moderate to severe knee pain even as they try and relax.

2. Constrained knee movement affecting mobility, such as chronic knee stiffness, tenderness, swelling or increased sensitivity that prevents the patient from bending and straightening the knee.

3. Patients who have experienced failure of alternate therapies / methods to improve symptoms / quality of life could consider Knee Replacement as one of the options.

Some such therapies "are" them could be
  • Physical Therapy / Exercise / Training
  • Knee Braces
  • Resting
  • Cane or walking stick
  • Medication(s)
  • Weight loss
  • Yoga / Meditation
  • Pain Relieving Oils
  • Other natural therapies

Like any other mechanical prosthesis (implant), knee implant also has a failure / malfunction possibility. There are several reasons which attribute to failure of a prosthesis (implant).

Some of the major ones are:
  • Infection
  • Quality of the Implant
  • Aseptic Loosening of the joint
  • malalignment (Improper Alignment)
  • Instability of the joint
  • Plastic Wear

Knee Revision Replacement, which is also known as revision total knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure involving removal of previously implanted artificial knee joint, or prosthesis. It is replaced with a new prosthesis / implant. Knee Revision Replacement may also involve the use of bone grafts in some patients. The bone graft may be an auto graft, which means that the bone is taken from another site in the patient's own body; or an allograft, which means that the bone tissue comes from a donor other than the patient. Your doctor will explain you in case there is any such requirement.

Unicondylar Unicompartmental Partial Knee Replacement in India Zydus Hospital

Partial knee replacement is a surgical treatment which involves replacing (or resurfacing) only the damaged portion of the knee while preserving knee ligaments and unaffected cartilage. Why should the whole joint be replaced when the damage is only limited to the part of the joint?

Patients with unicompartmental or partial knee arthritis have cartilage degeneration in only one section or compartment of the knee joint. In cases where nonsurgical techniques do not provide desired relief from the symptoms, surgeons can remove damaged cartilage and bone in the diseased area only, while preserving the ligaments that help support the knee joint. In partial knee replacement mostly patella and the healthier sections of the knee joint are preserved.

Advantage
  • Reduced Surgical trauma
  • Faster Recovery
  • Less Blood Loss
  • Better range of motion
  • Nearly no restrictions on activities